The Ten Trials of

Avraham

        Rashi

         Rambam

1) Abraham hid underground for 13 years from King Nimrod, who wanted to kill him.

1) Abraham's exile from his family and homeland.

2) Nimrod flung Abraham into a burning furnace.

2) The hunger in Canaan after God had assured him that he would become a great nation there.

3) Abraham was commanded to leave his family and homeland.

3) The corruption in Egypt that resulted in the abduction of Sarah.

4) Almost as soon as he arrived in Canaan, he was forced to leave to escape a famine.

4) The war with the 4 kings.

5) Sarah was kidnapped by Pharoah's officials

5) The marriage to Hagar after having despaired that Sarah would ever give birth.

6) The kings captured Lot, and Abraham was forced to go to war to rescue him.

6) The commandment of circumcision.

7) God told Abraham that his offspring would suffer under 4 monarchies.

7) Abimelech's abduction of Sarah.

8) At an advanced age, he was commanded to circumcise himself and his son.

8) Driving away Hagar after she had given birth.

9) He was commanded to drive away Ishmael and Hagar.

9) The very distasteful command to drive away Ishmael.

10) He was commanded to sacrifice Isaac.

10) The binding of Isaac on the altar.